Paul Ling Leong Loh


  • Bond University, Faculty of Society & Design

    4229 Gold Coast


Accepting PhD Students

Calculated based on number of publications stored in Pure and citations from Scopus

Research activity per year

If you made any changes in Pure these will be visible here soon.

Personal profile

Research interests

Professor Paul Loh is the Head of the Abedian School of Architecture and the lead coordinator of the Architecture Futures Laboratory at Bond University. Before this, he held a senior lectureship in Digital Architecture Design, Assistant Dean (IT) role and was co-director of the Advanced Digital Design and Fabrication (ADD+F) research hub at the Melbourne School of Design, University of Melbourne. Paul studied architecture at the University of Melbourne, the University of East London (UEL), and the Architectural Association (Design Research Lab). He taught at all these institutions and lectured at ETH (Zurich), Lund University (Sweden), and Tsinghua University (China). 

His research focuses on automation in construction, specifically on how robotic technology and advanced manufacturing can minimise and reduce design waste from current construction practices. He conducts research in flexible and reusable formwork for concrete casting and holds a patent technology that has been successfully commercialised through a start-up company.

In addition, his research also focuses on the cognitive engagement of digital technology in design practice and education. Through his architecture practice (LLDS), Paul has developed novel pre-fabricate and in-situ construction methods using scans, AR and VR technology. He has written extensively on digital craft in architecture design and technology-based teaching and learning environments. 

Statement for HDR students

I am looking for highly motivated HDR students with research topics that align with one or more of the following:

  • Creative or Design-based Research
  • Design research through digital technology or robotics
  • Practice-based design or theoretical research
  • Flexible formwork
  • Adobe Construction
  • Sustainable method of construction using technology, including IoT
  • Other novel construction, fabrication and assembly techniques, including the circular economy in manufacturing, waste minimisation and design for disassembly.


If you have an interest in projects relating to one or more of the above topics, please contact me to discuss your research.

Expertise related to UN Sustainable Development Goals

In 2015, UN member states agreed to 17 global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure prosperity for all. This person’s work contributes towards the following SDG(s):

  • SDG 8 - Decent Work and Economic Growth
  • SDG 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production

Education/Academic qualification

Architecture & Design, PhD, Digital Material Practice: the Agency of Making, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University


Diploma Professional Practice in Architecture (RIBA Part III), University of Westminster


Architecture and Urbanism , Master, The Architectural Association (AA) School of Architecture


Architecture, Diploma, University of East London


Planning and Design (Architecture), Bachelor, University of Melbourne


External positions

Senior Lecturer in Digital Architecture Design, University of Melbourne


Senior Lecturer, University of East London



Dive into the research topics where Paul Ling Leong Loh is active. These topic labels come from the works of this person. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
  • 1 Similar Profiles

Collaborations and top research areas from the last five years

Recent external collaboration on country/territory level. Dive into details by clicking on the dots or
  • 3D Knitted Fabric Formwork for Concrete Casting

    Loh, P. L. L., Underwood, J. & Leggett, D., 24 Mar 2023, HUMAN-CENTRIC: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA 2023). Koh, I., Reinhardt, D., Makki, M., Khakhar, M. & Bao, N. (eds.). Hong Kong: The Association for Computer-Aided Architectural Design Research in Asia (CAADRIA), Vol. 2. p. 119-128 10 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

    Open Access
  • Towards a Digital Repertoire: Design and Fabrication of a Robotically-Milled Brass Chandelier

    Loh, P. & Leggett, D., 4 Apr 2023, Computational Design and Robotic Fabrication. Yuan, PF., Chai, H., Yan, C., Li, K. & Sun, T. (eds.). Singapore: Springer, p. 443-452 10 p. (Computational Design and Robotic Fabrication; vol. Part F1309).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

    Open Access
    4 Downloads (Pure)
  • Computational design and robotic fabrication of a self-supporting acoustic shell

    Loh, P., Mirra, G., Leggett, D. & Pugnale, A., 8 Jul 2022, Structures and Architecture: A Viable Urban Perspective?. Hvejsel, M. F. & Cruz, P. J. S. (eds.). Leiden: CRC Press, Vol. 2. p. 593-600 8 p.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

  • Towards Digital Craft

    Loh, P., 1 Jun 2022, Craft Shaping Society: Educating in the Crafts—The Global Experience. Book One. Joubert, L. (ed.). Springer, p. 227-244 18 p. (Technical and Vocational Education and Training; vol. 35).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterResearchpeer-review

  • Freeform Volumetric Fabrication Using Actuated Robotic Hot Wire Cutter

    Loh, P., Hou, Y., Tse, C. T., Mo, J. & Leggett, D., 29 Jan 2021, Proceedings of the 2020 DigitalFUTURES: The 2nd International Conference on Computational Design and Robotic Fabrication (CDRF 2020). Yuan, P. F., Yao, J., Yan, C., Wang, X. & Leach, N. (eds.). Springer, p. 280-289

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionResearchpeer-review

    Open Access
    14 Downloads (Pure)
  • HDR Supervisor Register

    Paul Ling Leong Loh (Supervisor)

    27 Oct 2022 → …

    Activity: Professional Development, Mentorship, Supervision and Other ActivitiesHDR Supervisor RegisterPrincipal Supervisor Doctoral